Hello, Indonesian fellow! My full name is RENNY HANDAYANI KARTIKA PUTRI welcome in my greatest blog sure make you felt ‘not bord’ ehehe! Actually, why did I make a blog with the theme ENGLISH DEBATE AND ENGLISH PUBLIC SPEAKING?! it is a simple way if you don’t mind I’ll telling you the secret how to be a good debater because out there so many people feelin’ like do nothing in English and makes them felt ‘the English kingdom will kill them so fast HAHAHA! -_-‘
Roles on the table in British Parliamentary Debating
What actually British Parliementary System, in my version:Begin with the end in mind. Before you start working on your script or presentation, get clear on its purpose. What are you trying to accomplish? What impact do you want to have on your audience? Are you looking to inform? Inspire? Persuade? Knowing your ultimate purpose and desired outcome will help you stay focused through the preparation process.
BRITISH PARLIMIEMENTARY SYSTEM debate is a common form of academic debate. It has gained support in the United Kingdom, Ireland, Canada, India, Europe, Africa, Philippines, Australia, New Zealand, Brazil, and United State.
Because of the style’s origins in British parliamentary procedure, the two side are called the Government (more commonly called “proposition” in the United Kingdom) and opposition. The speakers are similarly titled:
Terminology note: “Government” and “Proposition” are used interchangeably.
For teaching purposes I prefer “proposition” as it makes it clear that the teams don’t necessarily agree with or represent the government of the day in that country.
But the terms “Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Minister, etc.” more distinct than “1st/2nd/… Proposition,” so I will use them when discussing the different roles.
Prime Minister (PM) – the first speaker of opening Proposition
- Needs to define the case that proposition is putting forward, and give a mechanism if the motion requires one. E.g. if the motion is “This house supports nationalism” you need to define what you mean by nationalism. If the motion is “This house would institute a voting test” you need to define things like what this test would be, who would set it, etc.
- Should outline the main arguments for the motion.
- Can be useful to talk about what problem it is the motion is trying to fix.
- Can talk about core principles of the case.
- Allows you to frame the debate, what will be
Leader of the Opposition (LO) – the first speaker of opening Opposition
- Similar to the PM but without the requirement to do definitions and mechanism.
- But it is still tactically useful to outline what your side’s case is. (e.g. do you agree with the general aim of the prop but disagree with how they are doing it, or not
- Should directly rebut the prime minister and lay out the main points of the opposition case.
Deputy Prime Minister (DPM) – the second speaker of opening Proposition
- Should both rebut previous speakers.
- Do any repair work and elaboration that needs done on their partners arguments (particularly stuff that has been rebutted by the other side)
- And/or add entirely new arguments.
- Both of these speakers do what is called an extension speech.This means they should add something substantially new to the debate.
- This can either involve bringing in an entirely new argument, area, topic, idea, framing.
- Or adding substantial extra detail to an argument that has already been brought up (often called an “analysis” extension).
- For example, in a debate on immigration, if the top half teams talked exclusively about about economic migration the extension could talk about refugees, or if they had stated that immigration is good/bad for the economy but not analysed it well, the extension could be explaining why this is the case in more detail.
- Tactically it is useful to make it very clear to the judges what your new contribution is.
Government Whip (GW) – The final proposition speakerOpposition Whip (OW) – The final opposition speaker
- Both of these speakers do what is called a summation speech. Their job is not to introduce new material but to summarise what has been said and show that their sides material was stronger.
- This should not just be a list of who said what, but should be more like a an editorialised description of what happened.
- This is a good time to do comparative and show that your arguments were more important/impactful/better analysed.
- It is tactically often a good idea to put extra emphasis on your partners extension material.
- With the exception of rebuttal should not add any new material to the debate.
- Rebuttal is particularly important for the Government Whip as they are the only one who gets a chance to reply to the opp extension. Should also rebut previous speakers. Member of opposition in particular needs to rebut the prop extension.
1. Opening Government(first faction):
- Prime minister
- Deputi prime minister
2. Opening Opposition(second faction):
- leader of the opposition
- deputy leader of the opposition
3. Closing Government(third faction)
- member of government
- government whip
4. closing opposition(fourth faction)
- member of opposition
- opposition whip (even though there are two teams of government or opposition, it does not mean they are in the same side, technically they are, but they still could not see each others argument’s and also, they are trying to knock each other out!)
Depending on the country, there are variations in a speaking time, speaking order, whether preposition, whip can introduce new points, and the number of speakers. In addition to specific rules, etiquette varies by region. For instance, in some tournaments, it is considered bad form for the first team on either side to try to cover as many topics as possible to leave the closing team with nothing (a practice known as “scorching the earth” or “burning the turf”). while in other tournament it is strongly encouraged.
COMPETITION IN BP STYLE
The debating season closely follows the academic year in northern Hemisphere English speaking countries. The first competition are in Britain and Ireland in October & November. Traditionally, commenced by the Edinburgh cup in the first week of October building up to World Championship held over Christian party’s. For the World Championship and most competition both team members must be registered students of a university or third level of institution. Although occasionally ópen’competition are held that allow non-students and composite teams to compete.
so how do you feel if you have read it truly fully the blog below? is that makes you insistent and curious? let’s debate today, and tommorow! debate is fun way, keep up your spirit and on fire then Prove them wrong…
- How can be a good public speaker in English?!
Do you dread public speaking? Join the club. Along with death and spiders, it’s what people fear most. However, being an effective presenter is critical for anyone who is (or aspires to be) in a leadership position. In fact, certain presentations can be downright career defining.
Standing up in front of a roomful of people terrifies many people, even if those people are our own peers. But resisting public speaking engagements can hold an entrepreneur back, since workshops, presentations, and pitches are the perfect way to network and land support for our efforts.
Fortunately, there are a few things we can do to not only overcome that fear, but become a respected public speaker. Here are 25 great tips to help you improve your speaking skills.
Take a Course
You’ll likely find public speaking classes at all of your local colleges and learning centers. You’ll not only learn great techniques, you’ll be able to practice your skills in front of a roomful of people who are just as nervous as you are.
Join a Group
Groups like Toastmasters are designed to help professionals hone their speaking skills in front of small groups.
You don’t have to be in a formal setting to practice public speaking. You can practice alone in front of a mirror, with friends, or with family members.
You can combat those public speaking fears by putting as much time as possible into the preparation process. Do your research and memorize your speech so that it will feel natural once you’re in front of the group.
Research Your Audience
Your speaking engagement will be far more effective if it’s tailored to your specific audience. Spend time learning as much as possible about attendees and gear your speech accordingly.
PowerPoint has become an essential part of presenting. When used effectively, it can be a great way to keep your speech entertaining.
Know Your Environment
If possible, visit the venue before your speech and familiarize yourself with the environment.
As with anything in life, the more experience you get with speaking in front of people, the more you’ll improve.
You’ll get great ideas for your own presentations by watching others who are good at it. As you attend conferences and workshops, pay attention to the techniques some of the more seasoned professionals use.
Start with a Bang
You’ll loosen up the audience and create a rapport if you can kick off your speech with something entertaining, like a joke or an interesting story.
Put the Audience to Work
You can take some of the pressure off of yourself by getting the audience to join in. Have everyone try an exercise or ask a few people to tell a personal story.
As your speech progresses, audience members will inevitably have questions. Find ways to get them to feel more comfortable voicing those questions, such as rewarding them with prizes.
Focus on the Audience
As you stand up in front of a roomful of people, it can be easy to assume everyone’s full focus on you. This is too often not the case. Put your focus on your audience instead of you and you’ll gain confidence.
Dress to Impress
What you wear will make an instant impression. Dress to fit the role you’re trying to portray.
Avoid Filler Words
One of the biggest complaints audiences have of speakers is the overuse of filler words like “um” and “so.” Try to moderate use of those words.
Focus on Individuals
A powerful technique recommended by professional speakers is to make eye contact with members of the audience. Try to find a few friendly faces and rotate between them as you speak.
Pent-up energy can be the death of a powerful speech. If it helps, feel free to roam the front of the room to expend some of that energy.
When you’re feeling that intense stage fright setting in, use breathing exercises to force your mind to relax.
Some people write their entire speeches out beforehand, but this can force you to spend the entirety of your presentation reading. Instead write short phrases on index cards that will prompt each new idea as you move through your speech.
In your early days as a speaker, don’t feel that you have to do it all alone. Participate in panels and group presentations where you can share the burden of presenting with a colleague or business partner.
One of the best ways to improve is to record your presentations and watch them later. As difficult as this can be, it’s a great way to pinpoint a few things that need improvement.
Ask for Feedback
As you speak to various groups, allow audience members to anonymously complete a feedback form and use that feedback to improve.
Bring the Right Tools
Be sure you arrive at the site with all of the tools you’ll need to conduct your presentation, including wireless clickers and projector adaptors for your laptop.
If your audience members can’t understand you, all of your hard work will be for nothing. Work on speaking loudly and clearly.
Finish with a Call to Action
Your speech should end with a call to action. What do you want audience members to take away from your presentation? What should they do now?
Whether your audience gave you five minutes of their attention or an hour, end early and say, “Thank you.” Time is a precious commodity, and they chose to spend a significant portion of it with you.
Be respectful of that time and always end early — especially if you’re expecting a longer Q&A period. If people have questions, you want to make the most of every second before you lose them to the next session or meeting.
Public speaking is an art, and one that can take years to perfect. By following these tips for effective public speaking, you’ll start to notice benefits immediately. Want to continue your public speaking education? I mentioned Simon Sinek several times during this presentation. Check out his Skillshare class “Presentation Essentials: How to Share Ideas That Inspire Action” for more.
1. Repeat Audience Questions
Whether you’re working a large room or a three-person meeting, try to repeat audience questions. In large settings, it gives everyone a chance to hear what was asked, keeping them engaged with and invested in your answer.
In smaller settings, repeating audience questions gives you an extra few moments to gather your thoughts. More importantly, it ensures that you’ve understood what the question is and are actively listening to the needs of your audience members.
2. Begin with the end in mind. Before you start working on your script or presentation, get clear on its purpose. What are you trying to accomplish? What impact do you want to have on your audience? Are you looking to inform? Inspire? Persuade? Knowing your ultimate purpose and desired outcome will help you stay focused through the preparation process.
I think that’s all of my explanation about BP and public speaking, I do hope you are literally enjoy of my blog, thank you so much for visited my area, have a great day 🙂